Gender Gaps in Education: Evidence and Policy Implications

Martina Viarengo
EENEE Analytical Report No.46 2021

This report focuses on gender gaps in educational attainment and educational trajectories. It provides a review of recent research and state-of-the-art empirical evidence by examining the economic literature. It documents trends and how gender gaps vary by level of educational attainment and field of study. Furthermore, the report shows that gender differences in educational choices are significant and persist over time. It highlights the heterogeneity in gender gaps in STEM and across related sub-fields. 

You may also wish to read the accompanying Policy Brief summarising the key findings.

Strong relevance
The relevance of the EENEE deliverables to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the United Nations, is generated using the OSDG open source initiative (